Bagni di Lucca. Thermal springs.
Bagni di Lucca has been known for its thermal springs since the Etruscan and Roman ages. The locality was noted for the first time in an official document of 983CE with the name of “Corsena”, with reference to a donation by the Bishop Teudogrimo of the territory of Bagni di Lucca to Fraolmo of Corvaresi. The area is rich in chestnut forests, mentioned in the past by the Roman poet Virgil. Nowdays the thermal springs and everything about them can be found in the SPA-centre of Bagni di Lucca.
The spa uses 25 springs. Giampiero Venturelli in the inside of the booklet “II Bagno Bernabò: a help for the growth of the spa” describes perfectly the nature of the thermal waters of Bagni di Lucca, used for therapeutic cures since the ancient times, attracting the attention of chemists,geochemical and geologists specially in the last century.The waters are made up of calium – sulphate and orginate from seep-age underground. In base of thermodynamic calculations the waters filter underground to a depth of 2-3km reaching a temperture of 70/75°c – 159/165°F. The waters surface rapidly between fractured stones at a temperture of 54°C/130°F(Spring of Bagni di Caldi).
Characteristics of springs
The chemical characteristics of the water indicts that the process underground are very complex, involve many minerals made up from the rocky surface. The waters flowing in depth are a balance between sulphate of calcium, carbonate philosilicate and silica these
minerals have appeared in rocks that have been found in the Val di Lima. The dissolution of rock salt in the saturated conditions with carbon dioxide, lime, kaolin and dolomite explains why there is a high level of sodium/chloride and a low level of calium/sulphate which characterize the waters of Bagni di Lucca. Relevant studies from the isotope shows that sulphur of sulphate is present in the waters and that it comes from sulphate minerals present in the rocks. During the rising to the surface the waters mixes with colder waters.
Past and present
The little thermal town, celebrated by illustrious travellers, was a privileged abode of Elisa and Felice Baciocchi, Princess of Lucca and Piombino from 1805 to 1814.
Maria Adriana Giusti’s critical essay on how to develop the thermal village of Bagni di Lucca, describes the architectural structure which the town had until the end of the 500’s, some characteristics of the roman baths with a functional central symmetry system (controlling the air and heating), which we can find today in the octagonal room in Bagno San Giovanni and Bagno alla Villa. Even the dome covering with the opening at the top comes from the roman period. In the Napoleonic era the expansion was characterised by a new distribution of the space, the central theme was building open halls with large arcades. This helped to distribute the baths and service rooms in line or around the hall. Giusti writes: “The introduction of individual tubs showed a good functioning spa”. In a new essay “The thermal town with a European culture of gardening and landscapes” Maria Adriana Giusti describes the metamorphosis of the centre of Bagni di Lucca, launched by the doctors who sent patients for therapies and long stays. Marquis Alfonso Ugolini di Macerata Wrote: “I who have much travelled and have been to Baden, the Vigier, Parigi, Porretta e Abanò spas and other thousand places, I can assure you that I have never found such a beautiful place like this.”
Another piece from the thoughts of Vieusseaux who wanted to open at Bagni di Lucca a scientific/literary study like the one in Florence, in 1820 he writes: “The delightful stay in the summer time with that wonderful sky, the healthy thermal waters, best in all of Italy and of great quality, beautiful palaces and houses which I love, the vagueness of the roads, the pleasantness of its mountains, the purness of the air vital as we breath it, everything combined together helps the human body and it’s need to live.”
The website of the SPA you can find here.
The Thermal Spa at Bagni di Lucca is part of the thermal complex of Jean Varraud and Casa Boccella, which offers classical thermal cures and treatments, and the Centro Ouida, which offers treatments and programs specifically geared toward thermal wellbeing.
For example, the Relax day package in the SPA includes:
Free access to the spa pool, lunch in the Principessa Elisa Restaurant BODY TREATMENTS
1 detoxifying thermal steam bath in a natural cave, followed by a reaction session wrapped in pleasant warm towels on a bed and with herbal tea
1 anti-stress massage 25′
1 toning treatment with application of a thermal clay face mask.
FREE GIFT: 100% vegetable handmade chestnut and formenton soap 150 gr. “Scent of Nature” of Hotel & Terme Bagni di Lucca
Services included in price:
- Use of towels and bathrobe
- Free entrance in fitness room
- Purifying, soothing and detoxifying herbal tea infusions served during treatments
For € 129.00 🙂